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WILLIAM FLEMING - 1890 - Table of contents

A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H- I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W  

Diccionario filosófico
Complete edition

Diccionario de Filosofía
Brief definition of the most important concepts of philosophy.


A Dictionary of English Philosophical Terms Francis Garden


Vocabulary of Philosophy, Psychological, Ethical, Metaphysical
William Fleming

Biografías y semblanzas Biographical references and lives of philosophers

Brief introduction to the thought of Ortega y Gasset

History of Philosophy Summaries

Historia de la Filosofía
Explanation of the thought of the great philosophers; summaries, exercises...

Historia de la Filosofía
Digital edition of the History of Philosophy by Jaime Balmes

Historia de la Filosofía
Digital edition of the History of Philosophy by Zeferino González

Vidas, opiniones y sentencias de los filósofos más ilustres
Complete digital edition of the work of Diogenes Laertius

Compendio de las vidas de los filósofos antiguos

A brief history of Greek Philosophy
B. C. Burt


A Short History of Philosophy





CYNIC.—One of the schools of Philosophy, formed after the days of Socrates, noted for the prominence given to that part in the teaching of Socrates which urged self-denial and independence of external advantages.

After the death of Socrates, some of his disciples, under Antisthenes, were accustomed to meet in the Cynosargos, one of the gymnasia of Athens,—and hence they were called Cynics (Diog. Laert., lib. VI. cap. XIII.).


Antisthenes was the founder of the school. He treated, as Plato did, of the distinction between opinion and knowledge,—παρὰ δόξης καὶ ἐπιστήμης (Diog. Laert., lib. VI. cap. XVII.), and insisted that virtue is the true requisite for a happy life. "To the Cynic nothing is good but virtue, nothing bad but vice, and what is neither the one nor the other is for man indifferent" (Zeller, Philosophy of the Greeks, Reichel's transl., Soc. and the Socrat. Schools, p. 256).

Diogenes is the name most familiar as representative of the school, being pre-eminently "The Cynic," by his teaching, character, and habits giving definiteness to the name, though somewhat exaggerating its characteristics. He is well described by Zeller as "that witty and eccentric individual, whose imperturbable originality, ready wit, and strength of character, admirable even in its excesses, no less than his fresh and vigorous mind, have been held up to view as forming the peculiar type of character of the ancient world" (ib., p. 245). The weakness of the school lay in its ascetic tendency, carried even to the extent of contemptuous disregard of the ordinary notions and susceptibilities of men. This school is the historic percursor of the Stoics.



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