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WILLIAM FLEMING - 1890 - Table of contents

A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H- I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W  

Diccionario filosófico
Complete edition

Diccionario de Filosofía
Brief definition of the most important concepts of philosophy.


A Dictionary of English Philosophical Terms Francis Garden


Vocabulary of Philosophy, Psychological, Ethical, Metaphysical
William Fleming

Biografías y semblanzas Biographical references and lives of philosophers

Brief introduction to the thought of Ortega y Gasset

History of Philosophy Summaries

Historia de la Filosofía
Explanation of the thought of the great philosophers; summaries, exercises...

Historia de la Filosofía
Digital edition of the History of Philosophy by Jaime Balmes

Historia de la Filosofía
Digital edition of the History of Philosophy by Zeferino González

Vidas, opiniones y sentencias de los filósofos más ilustres
Complete digital edition of the work of Diogenes Laertius

Compendio de las vidas de los filósofos antiguos

A brief history of Greek Philosophy
B. C. Burt


A Short History of Philosophy





COSMOGONY (κόσμος, world; γίγνομαι, to come into being), a theory of the origin of the world.

The different cosmogonies may be comprehended under two classes:—

1. Those which represent the matter though not the form of the world to be from eternity.

2. Those which assign both the matter and form of the world to the direct agency of a spiritual cause.


Pythagoras is reported as having taught that the monad was the beginning of all, from this an indefinite duad, from these numbers, next signs, then plane figures, then solid bodies, then the four elements—fire, water, earth, and air,— whence the world, which is possessed of life and intellect (Diog. Laert., lib. VIII. 48). The Atomists, Leucippus and Democritus, taught that the origin of all was in indivisible and eternal atoms, similar in nature but differing in form and position (Aristotle, Metaph., I. 4).

 According to Aristotle, matter is eternal; God acts directly upon the heavens; Nature has in it the principle of motion and rest; all motion is directed to an end; and, in course of the motion, the elements are originated, and beyond this, organised being.



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