COLLIGATION OF FACTS
COLLIGATION OF FACTS, in Induction, is a phrase employed by Whewell (Phil. of Induc. Sci.,
II. 213), to denote the binding together groups of facts by means
of some suitable conception. "The descriptive operation which enables a number
of details to be summed up in a single proposition, Mr Whewell, by an aptly
chosen expression, has termed the
Colligation of Facts... I only think him mistaken in
setting up this kind of operation, which, according to the old and received
meaning of the term, is not induction at all, as the type of induction
generally; and laying down throughout his work, as principles of induction, the
principles of mere colligation" (J. S. Mill's Logic, bk. III. ch. II.,
"Inductions improperly so called," 2nd ed., I. 350, cf. II. 312; Thomson,
Outline of Laws of Thought, 2nd ed., p. 353; Whewell, Nov. Org.
Rem., p. 60).