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WILLIAM FLEMING - 1890 - Table of contents

A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H- I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W  

Diccionario filosófico
Complete edition

Diccionario de Filosofía
Brief definition of the most important concepts of philosophy.


A Dictionary of English Philosophical Terms Francis Garden


Vocabulary of Philosophy, Psychological, Ethical, Metaphysical
William Fleming

Biografías y semblanzas Biographical references and lives of philosophers

Brief introduction to the thought of Ortega y Gasset

History of Philosophy Summaries

Historia de la Filosofía
Explanation of the thought of the great philosophers; summaries, exercises...

Historia de la Filosofía
Digital edition of the History of Philosophy by Jaime Balmes

Historia de la Filosofía
Digital edition of the History of Philosophy by Zeferino González

Vidas, opiniones y sentencias de los filósofos más ilustres
Complete digital edition of the work of Diogenes Laertius

Compendio de las vidas de los filósofos antiguos

A brief history of Greek Philosophy
B. C. Burt


A Short History of Philosophy





ATOMISM (α, priv.; and τέμνω, to cut,—that which cannot be cut or divided is an atom), the theory of the universe which traces its origin to primitive indivisible particles of matter, differing in form and in their relations to each other.


The theory is that which accounts for existence by the action, interaction, and combinations of atoms. Leucippus and Democritus were the founders of the School of Atomists (Diog. Laert., bk. IX. pp. 30-49). The conception, however, belongs to eastern thought, as in the Nya'ya Philosophy, according to Kanada's aphorism, No. 7, "ultimate difference is that which resides in eternal substances," as in the case of two atoms (The Bhaiska' Parichchhada and its commentary, by V. P. Bhatta, with an English version, Calcutta, 1851).

Under the theory, atoms differing in size and form, endowed with power of motion, explain attraction and repulsion, and account for the homogeneous and the different. Along with an atomic theory, there has quite commonly been held the existence of an intelligent First Cause,—and incorporeal Deity. The natural tendency with such a theory, however, is towards Materialism.

Ueberweg's History, I., Leucippus and Democritus, p. 67, Epicurus, p. 205; Schwegler's History, pp. 25, 26; Lucretius, p. 138; Cud worth's Intellectual System, bk. I. ch. I. sec. 18; Stewart's Active Powers, vol. II. note A, Works, VII. 369, " Various Hypotheses in explanation of the activity apparent in the universe.''



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