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WILLIAM FLEMING - 1890 - Table of contents

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Diccionario filosófico
Complete edition

Diccionario de Filosofía
Brief definition of the most important concepts of philosophy.


A Dictionary of English Philosophical Terms Francis Garden


Vocabulary of Philosophy, Psychological, Ethical, Metaphysical
William Fleming

Biografías y semblanzas Biographical references and lives of philosophers

Brief introduction to the thought of Ortega y Gasset

History of Philosophy Summaries

Historia de la Filosofía
Explanation of the thought of the great philosophers; summaries, exercises...

Historia de la Filosofía
Digital edition of the History of Philosophy by Jaime Balmes

Historia de la Filosofía
Digital edition of the History of Philosophy by Zeferino González

Vidas, opiniones y sentencias de los filósofos más ilustres
Complete digital edition of the work of Diogenes Laertius

Compendio de las vidas de los filósofos antiguos

A brief history of Greek Philosophy
B. C. Burt


A Short History of Philosophy





ASSOCIATION (associo, to accompany).—Applied to laws of mental combination which facilitate recollection—commonly called "Association of Ideas." "The law of association is this—That empirical ideas, which often follow each other, create a habit in the mind, whenever the one is produced, for the other always to follow" (Kant, Anthropology, p. 182). The philosophy which traces all knowledge to experience regards association as also a means of developing higher powers.


The laws of association as commonly stated are these :—(1) Similarity; (2) Contiguity; (3) Repetition;—mental phenomena, similar, or often occurring together, recall each other, The bond becomes stronger as the relation in consciousness recurs. Dispute has been raised over the question whether we may hold such associations as indissoluble or inseparable (J. S, Mill's Examination of Hamilton, 3rd ed., p. 220).

"Ideas, that in themselves are not at all alien, come to be so united in some men's minds that it is very hard to separate them; they always keep company, and the one no sooner at any time comes into the understanding but its associate appears with it" (Locke's Essay, bk. II. ch. XXXIII. sec. 5).

Locke, Essay, bk. II. ch. XXIII.; Hume, Essays, essay III.; Hartley, Observations on Man; Reid, Intellectual Powers, essay IV.; Stewart, Elements, vol. II. ch. V.; Brown, Lectures, lect XXXIII.; Hamilton's Reid, notes D** and D***, p. 889; Hamilton's Lectures on Metaphysics, II. 223; J. S. Mill's Examination of Hamilton's Philosophy, 3rd ed., p. 219 (especially on "Insolubility," the "Revivability," and the "Associability" of Feelings); Herbert Spencer, Principles of Psychology, I. 228; Bain's Senses and Intellect, 2nd ed., p. 327. On the bearing of association on evolution of mind, or development of knowledge,— J. S. Mill's Examination of Hamilton, ch. XI.; Herbert Spencer's First Principles, "The Knowable." Criticism of the theory,— Calderwood's Handbook of Moral Philosophy, pp. 98-122.



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