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WILLIAM FLEMING - 1890 - Table of contents

A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H- I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W  

Diccionario filosófico
Complete edition

Diccionario de Filosofía
Brief definition of the most important concepts of philosophy.


A Dictionary of English Philosophical Terms Francis Garden


Vocabulary of Philosophy, Psychological, Ethical, Metaphysical
William Fleming

Biografías y semblanzas Biographical references and lives of philosophers

Brief introduction to the thought of Ortega y Gasset

History of Philosophy Summaries

Historia de la Filosofía
Explanation of the thought of the great philosophers; summaries, exercises...

Historia de la Filosofía
Digital edition of the History of Philosophy by Jaime Balmes

Historia de la Filosofía
Digital edition of the History of Philosophy by Zeferino González

Vidas, opiniones y sentencias de los filósofos más ilustres
Complete digital edition of the work of Diogenes Laertius

Compendio de las vidas de los filósofos antiguos

A brief history of Greek Philosophy
B. C. Burt


A Short History of Philosophy





ART (Latin ars, from Greek ἀρετή, strength or skill; or from ἄρω to fit, join, or make agree).—(1) Skill in practice; (2) more generally, skill in giving embodiment or representation to the ideal. "Art has in general preceded science" (M'Cosh, Meth. of Dis. Gov., p. 151).


Art is defined by Lord Bacon to be "a proper disposal of the things of nature by human thought and experience, so as to make them answer the designs and uses of mankind." It may be defined more concisely as the adjustment of means to accomplish a desired end (Stewart, Works, II. 36, Hamilton's edition).

"The object of science is knowledge; the objects of art are works. In art, truth is a means to an end; in science it is the only end. Hence the practical arts are not to be classed among the sciences " (Whewell, Phil. of Induct. Sci., aph. 25).

"The distinction between science and art is, that a science is a body of principles and deductions, to explain the nature of some object matter. An art is a body of precepts, with practical skill, for the completion of some work. A science teaches us to know, an art to do" (Thomson, Outline of Laws of Thought, p. 16, 2nd ed. ; p. 13, 3rd ed.).

"Science gives principles, art gives rules. Science is fixed, and its object is intellectual; art is contingent, and its object sensible " (Harris, Dialogue on Art).

The difference between art and science is regarded as merely verbal by Sir William Hamilton in Edin. Rev., No. 115; for contrary view see Preface of St Hilaire's translation of the Organon, p. 12; Whewell, Phil. of Induct. Sci., pt. II. bk. II. ch. VIII.

"The principles which art involves, science evolves. The truths on which art depends lurk in the artist's mind undeveloped, guiding his hand, stimulating his invention, balancing his judgment, but not appearing in the form of enunciated propositions. Art in its earlier stages is anterior to science—it may afterwards borrow aid from it" (Whewell, Phil. of Induct. Sci., II. 111, 112, new ed.).



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