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WILLIAM FLEMING - 1890 - Table of contents

A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H- I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W  

Diccionario filosófico
Complete edition

Diccionario de Filosofía
Brief definition of the most important concepts of philosophy.


A Dictionary of English Philosophical Terms Francis Garden


Vocabulary of Philosophy, Psychological, Ethical, Metaphysical
William Fleming

Biografías y semblanzas Biographical references and lives of philosophers

Brief introduction to the thought of Ortega y Gasset

History of Philosophy Summaries

Historia de la Filosofía
Explanation of the thought of the great philosophers; summaries, exercises...

Historia de la Filosofía
Digital edition of the History of Philosophy by Jaime Balmes

Historia de la Filosofía
Digital edition of the History of Philosophy by Zeferino González

Vidas, opiniones y sentencias de los filósofos más ilustres
Complete digital edition of the work of Diogenes Laertius

Compendio de las vidas de los filósofos antiguos

A brief history of Greek Philosophy
B. C. Burt


A Short History of Philosophy





APPEARANCE—That which seems to the senses in contrast with that which is verified. Phenomenon, in contrast with fact. German, Erscheinung. The distinction between appearance and reality is as old as philosophy. It is recognised, e.g., in the Eleatic and Heraclitic distinction of Being and Becoming, in Plato's distinction between the one and the many, the idea or essence and the sensible thing which is its shadow.


This absolute opposition of Plato is overcome by Aristotle, who finds the essence in the appearance, the one in the many, the ideal in the sensible. The distinction reappears in modern philosophy, in Locke's contrast between substance or substratum, and the qualities which it underlies, and in Kant's Thing-in-itself, or Noumenon as opposed to the Phenomenon. Hegel identifies Essence and Appearance, Noumenon and Phenomenon, finding in the latter only the manifestation or realisation of the former.



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