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WILLIAM FLEMING - 1890 - Table of contents

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Diccionario filosófico
Complete edition

Diccionario de Filosofía
Brief definition of the most important concepts of philosophy.


A Dictionary of English Philosophical Terms Francis Garden


Vocabulary of Philosophy, Psychological, Ethical, Metaphysical
William Fleming

Biografías y semblanzas Biographical references and lives of philosophers

Brief introduction to the thought of Ortega y Gasset

History of Philosophy Summaries

Historia de la Filosofía
Explanation of the thought of the great philosophers; summaries, exercises...

Historia de la Filosofía
Digital edition of the History of Philosophy by Jaime Balmes

Historia de la Filosofía
Digital edition of the History of Philosophy by Zeferino González

Vidas, opiniones y sentencias de los filósofos más ilustres
Complete digital edition of the work of Diogenes Laertius

Compendio de las vidas de los filósofos antiguos

A brief history of Greek Philosophy
B. C. Burt


A Short History of Philosophy





ANTHROPOMORPHISM (ἄνθρωπος, man; μορφή, form). The representation of Divine attributes as if they were only human attributes enlarged.


The ascribing of bodily members to Deity is wittily exposed by Cicero (De Nat. Deor., lib. I. cap. 27). Spinoza, holding that all things are in God, maintained that God is an extended being (Ethics, pt. II. prop, II.); but, he adds, when referring to the fact that "some persons feign to themselves an image of God consisting like a man of a body and mind, and susceptible of passions," "all who ever thought of the Divine nature in any proper way, deny that God is corporeal .... nothing can be more absurd than a conception of the kind associated with God, the absolutely infinite being" (pt. I. prop. XV. schol.).

"We ought not to imagine that God is clothed with a human body, as the Anthropomorphites asserted, under colour that that figure was the most perfect of any" (Malebranche, Search after Truth, bk. III. ch. IX.).

Hume applies the name to those who think the mind of God is like the mind of man (Dial, on Nat. Relig., pts. IV., V.), in which Anthropomorphism is critically examined, as opposed to the doctrine of the "mysterious, incomprehensible nature of the Deity" presented by "Demea," and the views supported by "Cleanthes," that though the Deity "possesses many powers and attributes of which we can have no comprehension," "our ideas, so far as they go," must be "just and adequate, and correspondent to his real nature" (Hume, Works, Green's ed., II. 405). That the first cause must be absolute, infinite Intelligence, is clear on the admission of a first cause; but that the absolute intelligence can be such in nature and action as human intelligence is impossible.

V. Cousin, Hist, of Philos., Wight, I. 34; Fairbairn's Studies in Philosophy, p. 51.



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