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WILLIAM FLEMING - 1890 - Table of contents

A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H- I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W  

Diccionario filosófico
Complete edition

Diccionario de Filosofía
Brief definition of the most important concepts of philosophy.


A Dictionary of English Philosophical Terms Francis Garden


Vocabulary of Philosophy, Psychological, Ethical, Metaphysical
William Fleming

Biografías y semblanzas Biographical references and lives of philosophers

Brief introduction to the thought of Ortega y Gasset

History of Philosophy Summaries

Historia de la Filosofía
Explanation of the thought of the great philosophers; summaries, exercises...

Historia de la Filosofía
Digital edition of the History of Philosophy by Jaime Balmes

Historia de la Filosofía
Digital edition of the History of Philosophy by Zeferino González

Vidas, opiniones y sentencias de los filósofos más ilustres
Complete digital edition of the work of Diogenes Laertius

Compendio de las vidas de los filósofos antiguos

A brief history of Greek Philosophy
B. C. Burt


A Short History of Philosophy





ACTUAL (quod est in actu) is opposed by Aristotle to potential. A rough stone is a statue potentially; when chiselled, actually.

"The relation of the potential to the actual Aristotle exhibits by the relation of the raw material to the finished article; of the unemployed carpenter to the one at work upon his building; of the individual asleep to him awake. Potentially the seed is the tree, but the grown-up tree is it actually; a potential philosopher is the philosopher not philosophising; even before the battle the better general is the potential conqueror; in fact, everything is potential which possesses a principle of motion, of development, or of change; and which, if unhindered by anything external, will be of itself.


Actuality or entelechy, on the other hand, indicates the perfect act, the end as gained, the completely actual (the grown-up tree, e.g., is the entelechy of the seed-corn), that activity in which the act and the completeness of the act fall together, e.g., to see, he thinks and he has thought, he sees and he has seen, are one and the same, while in these activities which involve a becoming, e.g., to learn, to go, to become well, the two (the act and its completion) are separated" (Schwegler, Hist, of Phil., Stirling, p. 108; cf. Lotze, Metaphysic, bk. I. sec. 41).— V. REAL.



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