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WILLIAM FLEMING - 1890 - Table of contents

A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H- I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W  

Diccionario filosófico
Complete edition

Diccionario de Filosofía
Brief definition of the most important concepts of philosophy.


A Dictionary of English Philosophical Terms Francis Garden


Vocabulary of Philosophy, Psychological, Ethical, Metaphysical
William Fleming

Biografías y semblanzas Biographical references and lives of philosophers

Brief introduction to the thought of Ortega y Gasset

History of Philosophy Summaries

Historia de la Filosofía
Explanation of the thought of the great philosophers; summaries, exercises...

Historia de la Filosofía
Digital edition of the History of Philosophy by Jaime Balmes

Historia de la Filosofía
Digital edition of the History of Philosophy by Zeferino González

Vidas, opiniones y sentencias de los filósofos más ilustres
Complete digital edition of the work of Diogenes Laertius

Compendio de las vidas de los filósofos antiguos

A brief history of Greek Philosophy
B. C. Burt


A Short History of Philosophy





ACROAMATIC (from ἀκροάομαι, to hear).—Designed for the hearing of the initiated, applied to the lessons which were Esoteric (ἐσωτερικός) in contrast with the Exoteric, those given to general audiences (ἐξωτερικός).

Plutarch (in Alexand.) and Aulus Gellius (l. XX. c. 4) maintained that the acroamatic works had natural philosophy and logic for their subjects, whereas the exoteric treated of rhetoric, ethics, and politics. Strabo (l. 13, p. 608), Cicero (Ad Atticum, 13, 19), and Ammonius Herm. (Ad Categor. Aristot.), maintain that they were distinguished, not by difference of subject, but of form; the acroamatic being discourses, the exoteric dialogues. Simplicius (Ad Categor. in Proem.) thus characterises the acroamatic in contradistinction to the exoteric works: "distinguished by pregnant brevity, closeness of thought, and quickness of transitions," from his more expanded, more perspicuous, and more popular productions.


Buhle has a Commentatio de Libris Arist., Exot. et Acroam., in his edition of the works of Aristotle, 5 vols. 8vo, Deux Ponts, 1791, p. 142.

"In Aristotle's works the word exoteric does not occur (yet cf. Analyt. Post., I. 10, p. 76, bk. 27, ὁ ἔσω λόγος as ὁ ἐν τῇ φυχῇ, in opposition to ἕξω λόγος); but exoteric is employed in the sense of 'outwardly directed, addressed to the respondent (πρὸς ἕτερον)' " (Ueberweg's Hist, I. 143).

"In the life of Aristotle, by Mr Blakesley" (published in the Ency. Met.), "it has been shown, we think most satisfactorily, that the acroamatic treatises of Aristotle differed from the exoteric, not in the abstruseness or mysteriousness of their subject-matter, but in this, that the one formed part of a course or system, while the other were casual discussions or lectures on a particular thesis" (Mor. and Met. Phil., by Maurice, note, p. 165).



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