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WILLIAM FLEMING - 1890 - Table of contents

A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H- I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W  

Diccionario filosófico
Complete edition

Diccionario de Filosofía
Brief definition of the most important concepts of philosophy.


A Dictionary of English Philosophical Terms Francis Garden


Vocabulary of Philosophy, Psychological, Ethical, Metaphysical
William Fleming

Biografías y semblanzas Biographical references and lives of philosophers

Brief introduction to the thought of Ortega y Gasset

History of Philosophy Summaries

Historia de la Filosofía
Explanation of the thought of the great philosophers; summaries, exercises...

Historia de la Filosofía
Digital edition of the History of Philosophy by Jaime Balmes

Historia de la Filosofía
Digital edition of the History of Philosophy by Zeferino González

Vidas, opiniones y sentencias de los filósofos más ilustres
Complete digital edition of the work of Diogenes Laertius

Compendio de las vidas de los filósofos antiguos

A brief history of Greek Philosophy
B. C. Burt


A Short History of Philosophy





ABSTINENCE (abs teneo, to hold from or off).

Voluntarily refraining, for a moral or religious end, from things which our nature needs or delights in. Its practice is implied in the supremacy of moral laws, whenever duty conflicts with inclination. It corresponds to Ἀπέχῶ in the precepts of Epictetus, Ἀνέχου και ἀπέχον; Sustine et abstine.


Abstinence was much inculcated by ancient moralists, in order to make the soul more independent of the body. Thus the σωφροσύνη of Socrates, essential to a virtuous life, was a love of self-control, involving readiness for self-denial (Xenophon's Memorabilia, IV. 3, 1). The Stoics regarded pleasure as irrational excitement, and counselled abstinence from it (Diog. Laert, bk. VII., Zeno; Zeller's Stoics, &c, Reichel, p. 229).— V. ASCETICISM, STOICISM.



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