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Francis Garden - 1878 - Table of contents

Diccionario filosófico
Complete edition

Diccionario de Filosofía
Brief definition of the most important concepts of philosophy.


A Dictionary of English Philosophical Terms Francis Garden

Vocabulary of Philosophy, Psychological, Ethical, Metaphysical
William Fleming

Biografías y semblanzas Biographical references and lives of philosophers

Brief introduction to the thought of Ortega y Gasset

History of Philosophy Summaries

Historia de la Filosofía
Explanation of the thought of the great philosophers; summaries, exercises...

Historia de la Filosofía
Digital edition of the History of Philosophy by Jaime Balmes

Historia de la Filosofía
Digital edition of the History of Philosophy by Zeferino González

Vidas, opiniones y sentencias de los filósofos más ilustres
Complete digital edition of the work of Diogenes Laertius

Compendio de las vidas de los filósofos antiguos

A brief history of Greek Philosophy
B. C. Burt


A Short History of Philosophy





Maxim. This term with which we are all so familiar is of purely philosophical origin. The τόποι or places of Aristotle, the loci communes of the Latins, if shaped into propositions (1) were called by Boëthius the maximœ propositiones; also propositiones supremœ, principales, indemonstrabiles, per se notœ, which being admitted on all hands, were capable of serving as premisses in reasoning.


"Maximas propositiones vocamus quæ et universales sunt, et ita notæ atque manifestæ, ut probatione non egeant, eaque potius quæ in dubitatione sunt probent." Passing into the hands of the schoolmen, the substantive propositio was soon dropped, and the adjective came to be used substantively as a recognised term of art; the same thing having more or less contemporaneously occurred among the Greek logicians, with whom the μέγισται προτάσεις became simply μέγισται.


(1) A distinction was drawn by some of the schoolmen between the locus and the place, for which see Topic.



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