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Francis Garden - 1878 - Table of contents

Diccionario filosófico
Complete edition

Diccionario de Filosofía
Brief definition of the most important concepts of philosophy.


A Dictionary of English Philosophical Terms Francis Garden

Vocabulary of Philosophy, Psychological, Ethical, Metaphysical
William Fleming

Biografías y semblanzas Biographical references and lives of philosophers

Brief introduction to the thought of Ortega y Gasset

History of Philosophy Summaries

Historia de la Filosofía
Explanation of the thought of the great philosophers; summaries, exercises...

Historia de la Filosofía
Digital edition of the History of Philosophy by Jaime Balmes

Historia de la Filosofía
Digital edition of the History of Philosophy by Zeferino González

Vidas, opiniones y sentencias de los filósofos más ilustres
Complete digital edition of the work of Diogenes Laertius

Compendio de las vidas de los filósofos antiguos

A brief history of Greek Philosophy
B. C. Burt


A Short History of Philosophy





Judgment. The faculty, as its very name implies, whereby the mind pronounces on its perceptions, and the various notions to which they give rise. It is easy to see that in such an act two of such notions must be brought together. To exercise judgment on any matter, I must affirm or deny something of it, and thus there are two elements brought together, the matter itself, and that which is affirmed or denied of it.

Judgments expressed in words are called propositions, and the two concepts which they bring together, terms. The consideration of them occupies what is generally made the second part of logic. The two terms are entitled respectively the subject and the predicate, or by the French the subject and the attribute.


Judgments are divided into analytic and synthetic. An analytic judgment is that in which the predicate is involved in the subject, as is the case with all definitions and many propositions besides. Such ought not to be regarded as tautologous, for, though in their case it is impossible to think the subject without recognising the predicate as a necessary constituent of the former, its being so is not always known till due consideration has been given, and a clear addition is thus made to our knowledge.

Synthetic judgments are such as bring together two notions of which the one does not involve the other, e. g. the rose is red. Neither the notion rose contains the notion red, nor does the latter the former. There is thus a synthesis of two concepts.

Analytic and synthetic judgments have likewise been called respectively reciprocal or substitutive, and attributive.



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