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Francis Garden - 1878 - Table of contents

Diccionario filosófico
Complete edition

Diccionario de Filosofía
Brief definition of the most important concepts of philosophy.


A Dictionary of English Philosophical Terms Francis Garden

Vocabulary of Philosophy, Psychological, Ethical, Metaphysical
William Fleming

Biografías y semblanzas Biographical references and lives of philosophers

Brief introduction to the thought of Ortega y Gasset

History of Philosophy Summaries

Historia de la Filosofía
Explanation of the thought of the great philosophers; summaries, exercises...

Historia de la Filosofía
Digital edition of the History of Philosophy by Jaime Balmes

Historia de la Filosofía
Digital edition of the History of Philosophy by Zeferino González

Vidas, opiniones y sentencias de los filósofos más ilustres
Complete digital edition of the work of Diogenes Laertius

Compendio de las vidas de los filósofos antiguos

A brief history of Greek Philosophy
B. C. Burt


A Short History of Philosophy





Induction. (Gr. ἐπαγωγή.) The counter process to deduction. That is, a reasoning from the greater to the less, from the whole to the part, from the universal to the particular. Induction on the other hand leads from the particular up to the universal.


So far all is clear, but the word is used in different though related senses. It sometimes denotes the form of reasoning by which we thus ascend from particulars to universals, which is expounded by Aristotle,(1) sometimes the collection of examples, and the experiments by whose result we conceive ourselves warranted in doing this, and sometimes the result itself as a process of thought whereby we pass from the limited instances to an indefinite, or as men call it infinite, law, the process termed by P. Gratry transcendence.

In the sciences entitled Inductive the word is generally taken in a still greater breadth of meaning, and as the late Professor De Morgan truly observed of such induction, "its instruments are induction properly so called, separation of apparently related, but really distinct, particulars,—mathematical deduction, ordinary logic, &c. It is the use of the whole box of tools." (2)


(1) Analyt. Pr. II. 23.

(2) DE MORGAN, Formal Logic, pp. 215, 216.



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