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Francis Garden - 1878 - Table of contents

Diccionario filosófico
Complete edition

Diccionario de Filosofía
Brief definition of the most important concepts of philosophy.


A Dictionary of English Philosophical Terms Francis Garden

Vocabulary of Philosophy, Psychological, Ethical, Metaphysical
William Fleming

Biografías y semblanzas Biographical references and lives of philosophers

Brief introduction to the thought of Ortega y Gasset

History of Philosophy Summaries

Historia de la Filosofía
Explanation of the thought of the great philosophers; summaries, exercises...

Historia de la Filosofía
Digital edition of the History of Philosophy by Jaime Balmes

Historia de la Filosofía
Digital edition of the History of Philosophy by Zeferino González

Vidas, opiniones y sentencias de los filósofos más ilustres
Complete digital edition of the work of Diogenes Laertius

Compendio de las vidas de los filósofos antiguos

A brief history of Greek Philosophy
B. C. Burt


A Short History of Philosophy





Identity, Law of. This is a name given to the axiom that everything is what it is. A = A. It has for its correlative the Law of Contradiction, that the same proposition and its contradictory cannot both be true. Both positions may seem to the beginner mere truisms, and the assertion of them to be no better than trifling. The results of logic, however, follow from them; in fact they lie at the foundation of all reasoning whatsoever.


Identity, Personal. Our being each of us one and the same person in spite of the various changes that pass on us through life. The validity of arguments in defence of this may be disputed, but no man can shake off the conviction that it is so. Our personal identity has its root in the ego. Far back as the time may be, and changed as I may be in aspect, from capacities and habitual feelings, I know that it was I who said the word or did the deed which I remember.

The most valuable English treatise on Personal Identity is one by Bishop Butler, appended to the Analogy.



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