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Francis Garden - 1878 - Table of contents

Diccionario filosófico
Complete edition

Diccionario de Filosofía
Brief definition of the most important concepts of philosophy.


A Dictionary of English Philosophical Terms Francis Garden

Vocabulary of Philosophy, Psychological, Ethical, Metaphysical
William Fleming

Biografías y semblanzas Biographical references and lives of philosophers

Brief introduction to the thought of Ortega y Gasset

History of Philosophy Summaries

Historia de la Filosofía
Explanation of the thought of the great philosophers; summaries, exercises...

Historia de la Filosofía
Digital edition of the History of Philosophy by Jaime Balmes

Historia de la Filosofía
Digital edition of the History of Philosophy by Zeferino González

Vidas, opiniones y sentencias de los filósofos más ilustres
Complete digital edition of the work of Diogenes Laertius

Compendio de las vidas de los filósofos antiguos

A brief history of Greek Philosophy
B. C. Burt


A Short History of Philosophy





Fancy. From φαντασία. Plato and Aristotle gave this title to the mind's presentative or representative power, and as that conjures up images both of the present and absent, of the real and the unreal, the faculty would seem identical with imagination. In our older writers the latter seems always denoted by the word fancy. Thus Milton:

"In the soul
Are many lesser faculties, that serve
Reason as chief; among them Fancy next
Her office holds; of all external things
Which the five watchful senses represent,
She forms imaginations, airy shapes."


Down to the time of Addison, and later still, as by Johnson and Akenside, the fancy and the imagination were identified. There being, however, two faculties, which, though allied to each other, are in themselves distinct, it is right to assign to them separate titles; and without regard to its etymology the word fancy has been recently used to denote the mere aggregative and associative power as distinguished from the higher gift of imagination.

See Imagination. The sense or senses in which the adjective fanciful has been constantly employed, would seem to have anticipated this distinction, for no one I suppose when led to the use of this word, would ever have thought imaginative a synonym for it.

As fancy is an abbreviated form of phantasy, Dr. Johnson observes that it should be spelt phancy. The Italian and Spanish rule of substituting the letter F for ph, the Latin equivalent to the Greek φ, seems to have crept into our language in this one case, and doubtless would have extended farther, if words originally Greek, passing to us through the Latin, had not been with us for the most part terms of art, and used only in learned discourse.



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