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Francis Garden - 1878 - Table of contents

Diccionario filosófico
Complete edition

Diccionario de Filosofía
Brief definition of the most important concepts of philosophy.


A Dictionary of English Philosophical Terms Francis Garden

Vocabulary of Philosophy, Psychological, Ethical, Metaphysical
William Fleming

Biografías y semblanzas Biographical references and lives of philosophers

Brief introduction to the thought of Ortega y Gasset

History of Philosophy Summaries

Historia de la Filosofía
Explanation of the thought of the great philosophers; summaries, exercises...

Historia de la Filosofía
Digital edition of the History of Philosophy by Jaime Balmes

Historia de la Filosofía
Digital edition of the History of Philosophy by Zeferino González

Vidas, opiniones y sentencias de los filósofos más ilustres
Complete digital edition of the work of Diogenes Laertius

Compendio de las vidas de los filósofos antiguos

A brief history of Greek Philosophy
B. C. Burt


A Short History of Philosophy





Eclecticism, from ἐκλέγω, to select. The term taken generally denotes the principle of not binding oneself to the teaching of any one school, but accepting such doctrines of any as commend themselves to our judgment. He would be an eclectic in philosophy who should take his theory of the origin of ideas from Locke, of the authority of conscience from Butler, and of the standard of right and wrong from Paley.


This may serve for an illustration, though the particular eclecticism supposed never has, I should imagine, been exhibited. But short of this it is quite possible to see some good and some truth in different and even opposing schools; nor will a mind at all enlarged refuse to do so. Eclecticism in this sense is only a name for such mental enlargement combined with candour. In the arts, the eclectic will be one who aims at excellence by adopting and combining the merits of various masters and schools. The Bolognese painters, or school of the Caracci, were eclectic.

Eclecticism, however, in the history of philosophy denotes one particular sect which arose in Alexandria in the second century. Its generally recognised founder was Ammonius Saccas, who opened a school of philosophy, of which Jamblichus, Plotinus, and other men of eminence were disciples. Their principle was that of eclecticism, borrowing from various sects, and availing themselves of the Scriptures. Plato, however, was the chief object of admiration, and they either took or received the name of Neoplatonists. Their doctrines must not, however, be identified with those of their master.



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