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Francis Garden - 1878 - Table of contents

Diccionario filosófico
Complete edition

Diccionario de Filosofía
Brief definition of the most important concepts of philosophy.


A Dictionary of English Philosophical Terms Francis Garden

Vocabulary of Philosophy, Psychological, Ethical, Metaphysical
William Fleming

Biografías y semblanzas Biographical references and lives of philosophers

Brief introduction to the thought of Ortega y Gasset

History of Philosophy Summaries

Historia de la Filosofía
Explanation of the thought of the great philosophers; summaries, exercises...

Historia de la Filosofía
Digital edition of the History of Philosophy by Jaime Balmes

Historia de la Filosofía
Digital edition of the History of Philosophy by Zeferino González

Vidas, opiniones y sentencias de los filósofos más ilustres
Complete digital edition of the work of Diogenes Laertius

Compendio de las vidas de los filósofos antiguos

A brief history of Greek Philosophy
B. C. Burt


A Short History of Philosophy





Copula. The part of a proposition, be it one word or more, which connects or couples the subject and the predicate.

In the modern languages, when propositions are stated in pure logical shape, the part of the copula is generally performed by the verb substantive, "Man is fallible." By Aristotle a logical proposition is generally expressed thus: τὸ A ὑπἀρχει παντὶ τῷ B, though he has other ways of indicating it.


The copula me saltem judice is of no account in pure logic, is no real element in the judgment or proposition. That I think consists merely of the two terms, subject and predicate, and all that is wanted, and that by no means universally, is some symbol, it may be algebraic, to indicate their connection, and their quality, positive or negative.

The copula, however, is not viewed thus by all logicians. Some consider the quality of the proposition to have its seat there, in which case of course it is a matter of pure logic; others consider modality to be expressed by it, a notion to which the Greek gave birth more naturally than do the languages of modern Europe. See Modality.



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