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Francis Garden - 1878 - Table of contents

Diccionario filosófico
Complete edition

Diccionario de Filosofía
Brief definition of the most important concepts of philosophy.


A Dictionary of English Philosophical Terms Francis Garden

Vocabulary of Philosophy, Psychological, Ethical, Metaphysical
William Fleming

Biografías y semblanzas Biographical references and lives of philosophers

Brief introduction to the thought of Ortega y Gasset

History of Philosophy Summaries

Historia de la Filosofía
Explanation of the thought of the great philosophers; summaries, exercises...

Historia de la Filosofía
Digital edition of the History of Philosophy by Jaime Balmes

Historia de la Filosofía
Digital edition of the History of Philosophy by Zeferino González

Vidas, opiniones y sentencias de los filósofos más ilustres
Complete digital edition of the work of Diogenes Laertius

Compendio de las vidas de los filósofos antiguos

A brief history of Greek Philosophy
B. C. Burt


A Short History of Philosophy





Casuistry. The science of right and wrong as applied to the various cases in which the conscience may be in doubt. This has been much pursued in the Roman Catholic Church, particularly by the Jesuits. It survived the Reformation among ourselves. Perhaps its last eminent votaries were Bishops Jeremy Taylor and Sanderson. It has now fallen into pretty general disuse, and I venture to think rightly. "The primal duties shine aloft like stars," and about them "the upright heart and pure" will not admit a moment's doubt. Outside these there are, however, cases in which a man may honestly be perplexed as to his duty, and as such cases involve contingent matter and circumstances peculiar to themselves, it is difficult to see how any science can antecedently provide for them.


The evils in which having recourse to the authorities in such a science will I think result, are the production either of a morbid or a too easily satisfied conscience. Where the question of duty is perplexing, honest self-examination, due exercise of the judgment, and prayer to God, will be the true means of securing right guidance. Of course the presentation of the case to another mind will, when practicable, be often serviceable, but even then I should prefer the judgment of a faithful friend, and better still that of a pure-hearted woman, a sister or a wife, to that of any doctor in casuistry. See Categorical Imperative.



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