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Diccionario filosófico
Voltaire. Complete edition.


Diccionario de Filosofía

Brief definition of the most important concepts of philosophy.


 A Dictionary of English Philosophical Terms  Francis Garden


Biografías y semblanzas  Biographical references and lives of philosophers.


Brief introduction to the thought of Ortega y Gasset


History of Philosophy Summaries


Historia de la Filosofía

Explanation of the thought of the great philosophers; summaries, exercises... 


Historia de la Filosofía

Digital edition of the History of Philosophy by Jaime Balmes


Historia de la Filosofía

 Digital edition of the History of Philosophy by Zeferino González


Vidas, opiniones y sentencias de los filósofos más ilustres

 Complete digital edition of the work of Diogenes Laertius

Compendio de las vidas de los filósofos antiguos



Introductory Paragraph

Early Ionic Natural Philosophers

The Pythagoreans

The Eleatics


Later Natural Philosophers

General Character of the First Period in the History of Greek Philosophy

The Sophist


The Followers of Socrates

The Lesser Socratics

Plato. Life. Works

Plato. Philosophy

The Disciples of Plato

The Old Academy

Aristotle: Life and works

Aristotle: Theory of Knowledge

Aristotle: Metaphysics

Aristotle: Physics

Aristotle: Psychology

Aristotle: Practical Philosophy

Aristotle: Rhetoric and Poetic

Aristotle: Sources

Aristotle: Unity of Plato and Aristotle

Aristotle: result

The Peripatetic School

Three Leading Post-Aristotelian Schools

The Stoics and Stoicism

The Epicureans and Epicureanism

The Sceptics

The Common Ground of the Stoics, Epicureans, and Sceptics

Philosophy in Rome: Eclecticism

The Later Peripatetics

The Later Academics

The Later Stoics

General Character of the Second Period

Standpoint and Schools of the Third and Latest Period of Greek Philosophy

Jewish-Alexandrian School


The Eclectic Platonist

Neo-Platonism. Plotinus

Neo-Platonism. Porphyry. Jamblichus

Neo-Platonism. Proclus




B. C. BURT (1852-1915) - Table of contents                        




§ 12 - The Disciples of Plato

The disciples of Plato were numerous.(1) But the difficulties that have just been pointed out in Plato's doctrines made it impossible that any of them, even Aristotle, should be complete followers of Plato. In fact, it has to be said that just what was most characteristic in Plato's technical doctrines —the theory of Ideas and of the state founded thereon— was not adopted without modification and developed, by any of his disciples. But there was a marked difference in the ways in which the ideas of Plato were taken up and developed by his followers, and on the basis of this we may divide them into two classes, into which fall, on the one hand, Aristotle, who had mastered all of Plato's teaching, and had adopted and developed in natural sequence a larger portion of it than any other of Plato's disciples, and, on the other, certain persons who became leaders in the school of Plato, the Academy, after his death, and who gave adherence only to comparatively limited portions of the Platonic theory, particularly, what has above been given as the Later Theory of Plato. We take up first these incomplete disciples, the members of the Academy.


(1) See the list given by Zeller in Plato and the Older Academy, pp. 553-555, note. 



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