CONDITION (con and dare), that which is attendant on the cause, or co-operates
with it, for the accomplishment of the result; or, that which limits the cause
in its operation. A pre-requisite in order that something may be, or in order
that a cause may operate.
In the language of Inductive Logic, the cause is defined as "the sum-total of
the conditions positive and negative taken together; the whole of the
contingencies of every description, which, being realised, the consequent
invariably follows. But it is common to single out one only of the antecedents,
distinguished by active power or efficiency, under the denomination of Cause,
calling the others merely Conditions" (Mill, Logic, bk. III. ch. V. sec. 3).
Condition and Conditioned are correlative. The condition is the ground
presupposed; the conditioned, conditionate, or conditional is that which is
determined by it.
"The conditioned" is employed to describe the relative and limited, in
contrast with the "unconditioned," which is applied to the absolute and
infinite (Hamilton, Discussions; Mansel, Limits of Religious Thought).