BEING (τὸ ὄντως ὄν, the existing; German,
Seyn).—(1) Existence ; (2) in the
antithesis of Thought and Being, that which is, in contrast to that which is
thought, as a form of existence; (3) within thought itself, the first and most
general of the categories; (4) being itself, that which involves the necessity
of being, is The Absolute.
The whole range of Philosophy, from the beginning of its history, has been
connected with Being and Becoming—the abiding and the fleeting; the system of
Heraclitus, with its unity of being and not being, maintaining that all is in
perpetual flux; the Eleatics, with their formula, only being is, and becoming is
not at all. Thus the mystery of Being continues to occupy philosophic thought, until we find Hegel making a start with
the discussion of Being and not Being.— V. ONTOLOGY.